3 special characters

Introduction

In Arabic there are three characters that function differently to the other letters of the alphabet. These characters are called fatha, kasrah and dammah. They represent the sounds 'a', 'i' and 'u'.

What's different about these characters?
1. They're always written the same, no matter where they are in a word.
2. They're not written in line with other letters. They go above or below the previous letter.


fatha

You know this sound from..

The sound made by 'a' in the English word 'cat'

How does it look in words?

The character is written above the letter before it. Look at the example. The character is written above a letter 'b', to give the sound 'ba'.


kasrah

You know this sound from..

The sound made by 'i' in the English word 'hit'

How does it look in words?

The character is written below the letter before it. In this example it's written below a letter 'b', to give the sound 'bi'.


dammah

You know this sound from..

The sound made by 'u' in the English word 'but'

How does it look in words?

The character is written above the letter before it. In this example it's written above a letter 'b', to give the sound 'bu'.


It's time to practice what you've learnt

Flashcards with audio

1. Recognise ba and the short vowels individually

Arabic alphabet flashcards

2. Read ba and the short vowels combined together

Arabic alphabet flashcards

 


End of lesson quiz

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Arabic alphabet quiz

 


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